Taxonomy Order : the practice and science of classification (always forget these when I need ’em)
The modern scientific classification of the human species contains many sub- and super- sections (each one being, ideally, a clade) which have been interpolated between the seven traditional Linnaean taxonomic ranks.
Humans are not only the sole surviving representatives of the genus Homo but also the only surviving representatives of the subtribe Hominina, which includes Australopithecus and other more anthropomorphic hominids.
Species believed to be ancestors are listed within higher taxa.
I really like this religion, I could really get into this. I grew up as a Buddhist, but I like Hinduism too. Buddihism came from Hinduism after all.
Anyhoo, this is for Maloni.
Once again, courtesy of Wikipedia
A Yuga (Devanāgari: युग) in Hindu philosophy is the name of an ‘epoch’ or ‘era’ within a cycle of four ages. These are the Satya Yuga (or Krita Yuga), the Treta Yuga, the Dvapara Yuga and finally the Kali Yuga, which are equated with the Roman Golden, Silver, Bronze and Iron Ages respectively by E. Burgess . According to Indian astronomy and Hindu Mythology, the world is created, destroyed and recreated every 4,320,000 years (Maha Yuga) . The cycles are said to repeat like the seasons, waxing and waning within a greater time-cycle of the creation and destruction of the universe. Like Summer, Spring, Winter and Autumn, each yuga involves stages or gradual changes which the earth and the consciousness of mankind goes through as a whole. A complete yuga cycle from a high Golden Age of enlightenment to a Dark Age and back again is said to be caused by the solar system’s motion around a central sun.
The traditional virtues accorded the highest value in the four epochs are:
Temples, wars, and writing are hallmarks of Dvapara and Kali yugas. In the higher ages (Treta and Satya), writing is unnecessary because people communicate directly by thought. Temples are unnecessary because people feel the omnipresence of God. Wars are rare but they do occur – one such war is described in the Ramayana.
The Hindu texts say the four yugas equal 4,320,000 years, or a mahayuga. 1,000 mahayugas or 4.32 billion years equal one kalpa. The traditional timescale of the yugas is as follows:
Are we in Kali Yuga? That would explain a lot!
In The Holy Science, Sri Yukteswar wrote that the traditional or long count view is based on a misunderstanding. He says that at the end of the last descending Dvapara Yuga (about 700 BC), “Maharaja Yudhisthira, noticing the appearance of the dark Kali Yuga, made over his throne to his grandson [and]…together with all of his wise men…retired to the Himalaya Mountains… Thus there was none in the court…who could understand the principle of correctly accounting the ages of the several Yugas.”
According to Sri Yukteswar, nobody wanted to announce the bad news of the beginning of the ascending Kali Yuga, so they kept adding years to the Kali date (at that time 2400 Kali). As the Kali began to ascend again, scholars of the time recognized that there was a mistake in the date (then being called 3600+ Kali, even their texts said Kali had only 1200 years). “By way of reconciliation, they fancied that 1200 years, the real age of Kali, were not the ordinary years of our earth, but were so many daiva (or deva) years (“years of the gods”), consisting of 12 daiva months of 30 daiva days each, with each daiva day being equal to one ordinary solar year of our earth. Hence according to these men 1200 years of Kali Yuga must be equal to 432,000 years of our earth.”
In the context of Superficial* Indira ( Kali) has found love in Mikka. So the negative aspects of Kali are on the wane and Satyi is ascending.
Keep reading and see!
Once again, courtesy of Wikipedia
An astrological age is a time period in astrology which is believed by some to parallel major changes in the Earth‘s inhabitants’ development, particularly relating to culture, society and politics. There are twelve astrological ages corresponding to the twelve zodiacal signs in astrology. At the completion of one cycle of twelve astrological ages, the cycle repeats itself. Many experts believe that the Age of Aquarius has arrived recently or will arrive in the near future. On the other hand, some believe that the Age of Aquarius arrived up to five centuries ago, or will not start until six centuries from now. .
Overview Historical similarities The major event at this time was an ancient global warming to such a massive extent that it led to the deglaciation of what now constitutes much of the modern inhabitable world. The deglaciation ultimately caused a 300 feet (90 meters) rise in the sea level. The sign Leo is a Fire sign and is traditionally ruled by the Sun in astrology, and it is entirely appropriate that in an Age ruled by the Sun, that the warmth of the Sun melted the glaciers that covered much of North America and Europe. Leo is also related to any kind of light source, and the carved stone oil lamp was invented during this time. (Oil lamps existed previously, but this type was the first proper continuously-burning lamp.) Religious Similarities Some researchers believe that the Great Sphinx was constructed in the Age of Leo. (see New, Esoteric & Fringe Theories of the Astrological Ages)
The Zodiacal signs:
Overview “The Age of the Great Mother.” Cancer is ruled by the Moon, & is associated with the process of bearing, birthing, nurturing, & protecting.
Historical similarities The Neolithic Revolution, including the beginning of civilisation, with domestication of farm animals including pigs, goats & even bees. Some nomadic people settled down to living in permanent dwellings. For example, the city of Jericho, believed constructed during this age, was protected by a wall 12-17 ft (4 to 5 m) high & 5 ft (1.5 m) thick. (Cancer is always associated with ‘protection’ by utilizing an external barrier). There is also evidence of massive loss of coastal regions by the rising sea level following deglaciation of many areas on Earth. This loss of land caused the forced relocation of people to higher ground. Cancer’s list of archetypes always include anything to do with the home (including houses, place of residence, migration).
Evidence of widespread use of boats including Noah‘s fabled Ark (maritime vessels of all types are ruled by Cancer).
Rise of pottery (a protective vessel conforming to one of Cancer’s archetypes).
The Zodiacal signs:
Overview “The Age of Communication, Trade and the Twins”
Historical similarities During this age writing developed, and trade started to accelerate. This corresponds to the symbols the Gemini constellation represents. The constellation can be seen as two people holding hands (thought to be twins), believed by some to be symbolic for trade and communication of peoples. Regardless of the lore associated with the constellation of Gemini, both writing (including literature, newspapers, journals, magazines and works of fiction) and trade (including merchants) are traditional archetypes belonging to the sign of Gemini.
The wheel, although having been used earlier as potter’s wheels, was used for the first time for transporation purposes around the 5th century BC. Most forms of local transportation (horse and cart, bicycles, suburban trains, trams, cars, motorcycles, walking, roads, freeways etc) are archetypes associated with the sign of Gemini.
Religious similarities Multiple gods, such as the pantheon of gods in Ancient Greek literature, are believed to have appeared in this Gemini age probably in Sumer (Mesopotamia). (Gemini not only is associated with the archetype of `twins’ and `duality’ but also ‘multiplicity’)
The Zodiacal signs:
This age is notable for the building of the pyramids, during the Old Kingdom of Egypt and the Middle Kingdom of Egypt. They personify structure, solidity, stability and attempts at eternity, keywords of Taurus. The completed Great Pyramid of Khufu, clad in smooth pure white limestone, must have been a sight of dazzling beauty in the sunlight. Beauty is another keyword of Taurus.
Taurus is associated with the metal copper, and bronze (an alloy of copper and tin) was for the first time smelted and worked into bronze swords during the early phase of this era.
Papyrus was invented during this time, enabling improved writing techniques. It could be manufactured into very long strips that could be rolled (but not yet folded) into scrolls or rolls for efficient storage and handling. (The Taurus glyph invokes the image of the partially-unrolled scroll).
The Zodiacal signs:
Overview “The Age of War, Fire and the Ram”
Historical similarities Aries represents a Fire symbol as well as bold actions, a lot of these behaviors can be seen during any age. However the themes emphasised during this age relate to courage, initiative, war & adventure. Nations during this age such as the expanding empires ofOrient, Persia, Greece and Rome, are often cited as examples of the archetypes of Aries in action. Also the Aries constellation shows a ram running. This could correspond with the sacrifice of Abraham’s Ram. While the number of names containing the sound of the ram during this period is noted: Ra (Sun God), Ram, Rama, Brahman, Abram, Abraham, Amon Ra, and Ramesses I. The battering ram was employed by the Assyrians, Greeks and Romans with great success during this time. (The symbol of Mars, the planetary ruler of Aries, evokes this interpretation.)
Aries is associated with the metal iron, and iron ore was for the first time smelted and worked into iron swords in Anatolia during the early phase of this era, replacing the heavier, softer-metalled, duller-edged bronze swords of the previous Taurus Age.
Religious similarities The Age of Aries ushered in efforts to replace polytheism with monotheism. The earliest known attempt was by the Egyptian Pharoah Akhenaten, who, in about 1350 BC, decreed the Sun God Aten to be the supreme deity, apparently in reaction to his earlier lack of inclusion in religious rites by his family. After his death, however, power reverted to the original polytheistic priests, who re-established the old religion. Speculation (including that of Freud) has it that later, during the reign of Ramesses II, Moses was influenced by rumour of Akhenaten‘s revolutionary idea, and grasped the idea of a single supreme God, Who especially favoured His people, as an inspirational mechanism that best suited his people held in bondage. The symbol of Aries can be seen as representing the power of multiple gods streaming down into a single god-head.
Moses (born circa 16th–13th Century BC; 7 Adar 2368 – 7 Adar 2488 in the Hebrew calendar), an early Biblical Hebrew religious leader, lawgiver, prophet, and military leader, condemns his own people upon finding them worshiping a ‘golden calf’ (a symbol of the previous Age of Taurus and of the worship of the bull deity) after coming down Mount Sinai. These events may have occurred during the Age of Aries (see also Dating the Exodus overview).
The Zodiacal signs:
The Age of Pisces is technically the current age and astronomers and some astrologers believe it will remain so for approximately another 600 years. At that time, the vernal equinox point will no longer be facing Pisces, but moved into the constellation of Aquarius, thus beginning the Age of Aquarius. However there are many astrologers who believe that the Age of Aquarius has already arrived or will arrive soon.
Overview “The Age of Monotheism, Spirituality, and the Fish”
Popular culture references “Age of Pisces” is also a song by 26 from his album “The Messiah,” but is more a critique of the New Age Movement and the song “Aquarius” than a discussion of the Age of Pisces in general.
Historical similarities Slavery (ruled by Pisces) and associated social structures such as serfdom were widely in evidence in this age including Ancient Rome and from the 15th century onwards when Europeans discovered their (Pisces) sea legs.
The Christian monastic tradition introduced during the Piscean age led to University education and the process of peer review, a vital component of the impending scientific-accented Aquarian Age.
At the dawn of the Piscean age, Jesus was allegedly born.
Pisces has, as its symbol, two fishes swimming in opposite directions, connected by a line joining each of their mouths. (The symbol shown above is the stylized short-hand version of that image). This can be interpreted as each member of the Christian community being both fisher and fish within Christian responsibility, while attending to diverse activities – a complete reversal of the previous self-centred “me-first” approach of the previous Arian Age.
Jesus was reported, in Matthew 4:19, as saying to two fishermen brothers, (Simon called Peter, and Andrew) on the shore of Lake Galilee, “Follow me, and I will make you fishers of men” – a tradition that the Christian Church has continued even to today. These two fishermen parallel the two fish in the symbol of Pisces. In the Book of Luke when Jesus is asked by Peter and John “where wilt thou that we prepare?” concerning the place of dining for the last supper , Jesus says to follow a man “bearing a pitcher of water” into the house he enters. A man bearing a pitcher of water symbolizes the coming of the Age of Aquarius and is known as “the water bearer”. In Astrology, the Age of Aquarius comes directly after the Age of Pisces.
(KJV – Luk 22:8 And he sent Peter and John, saying, Go and prepare us the passover, that we may eat. Luk 22:9 And they said unto him, Where wilt thou that we prepare? Luk 22:10 And he said unto them, Behold, when ye are entered into the city, there shall a man meet you, bearing a pitcher of water; follow him into the house where he entereth in.)
There are several biblical references between Jesus and fish. Also, the acronym for Jesus Christ, God, Son, Saviour in Greek is the Greek word for fish, Ichthys.
Orthodox Christianity does not recognize the ages defined by astrology, nor the significance attributed to them by believers in astrology. The Jewish Kabbalah does, however, contain ancient references to astrological tradition.
The Zodiacal signs:
Timeframes In 1928, at the Conference of the International Astronomical Union (IAU) in Leiden, the Netherlands, the edges of the 88 official constellations became defined in astronomical terms. The edge established between Pisces and Aquarius locates the beginning of the Aquarian Age around the year 2600.
The Austrian astronomer, Professor Herman Haupt (astronomer), examined the question of when the Age of Aquarius begins in an article published in 1992 by the Austrian Academy of Science: with the German title Der Beginn des Wassermannzeitalters, eine astronomische Frage? (The Start of the Aquarian Age, an Astronomical Question?). Based on the boundaries accepted by IAU in 1928, Haupt’s article investigates the start of the Age of Aquarius by calculating the entry of the spring equinox point over the parallel cycle (d = – 4°) between the constellations Pisces and Aquarius and reaches, using the usual formula of precession (Gliese, 1982), the year 2595. However Haupt concludes:
Overview “The Age of Freedom, Technology (especially electricity), and the Water Bearer”
Popular culture In popular culture, the expression “Age of Aquarius” usually refers to the heyday of the hippie and New Age “movement” of the 1960s and 1970s. The New Age Movement is more accurately a phenomenon, not a movement, and yet seen by many as the harbinger of this future change-over of values.
This “New Age” phenomenon is seen by some astrologers to be marked by the conjunction of the planet Uranus, ruler of the sign Aquarius, and the coming age, with Pluto, ruler of the masses, bringing radical change, in the 1960s. However, as the song relates, it is only considered by astrologers as the “dawning” or “cusp” of the Age, with the full strength of the Age not occurring until some time in the future.
Although more rock than new age in genre, the 1967 successful musical Hair, with its opening song “Aquarius” and the memorable line “This is the dawning of the age of Aquarius,” brought the Aquarian Age concept to the attention of a huge worldwide audience.
Historical Similarity: Current/Projected
Though so many issues are contentious or disputed, there are two aspects of the Astrological Ages that have virtual unanimous consensus. Firstly the Astrological Ages are linked to precession of the equinoxes. Secondly that due to the nature of the precession of the equinoxes, the progression of the ages proceeds in reverse direction through the zodiacal signs. Normally during the course of the astrological year, commencing around the 21st March at the vernal equinox , the Sun moves through the zodiacal signs commencing with Aries, then Taurus, Gemini, Cancer, Leo, Virgo, Libra, Scorpio, Sagittarius, Capricorn, Aquarius and finally Pisces. After Pisces the Sun enters Aries and commences the cycle all over again. However the Astrological Ages proceed in the reverse direction. Therefore after the Age of Pisces, the next age is the Age of Aquarius, followed by the Age of Capricorn, and so on.
There is a third aspect of the Astrological Ages that has very wide consensus amongst astrologers. Though astrologers cannot agree upon the year, century or millennium for the start of any age, they generally agree upon the core historical events associated with the recent Ages since the start of the Holocene Epoch. For example the Age of Leo with massive global warming that resulted in the deglaciation of Earth at the end of the last Ice Age, Age of Cancer with domestication and the Biblical Flood (most likely a by-product of rising sea level from deglaciation),the Age of Gemini is associated with the invention of writing, the Age of Taurus with Ancient Egypt and its massive pyramids, the Aries age with the Iron Age and the Age of Pisces with Christianity. Astrologers claim that each zodiacal sign has associated archetypes often referred to traditionally as `rulerships’. For example Gemini `rules’ the hands, dexterity and communication and draws upon all these archetypes to `produce’ the first written word in the Age of Gemini, specifically in Sumer (Mesopotamia).
Though almost total unanimity or wide consensus in the astrological community exists in the above three areas, everything else is contentious, disputed and a myriad array of alternative hypotheses, claims and approaches exists. For example many astrologers find ages too erratic based on either the vernal point moving through the randomly sized zodiacal constellations or sidereal zodiac and instead round all Astrological Ages to exactly 2000 years each. In this approach the ages are usually neatly aligned so that the Aries age is found from 2000 BC to 1 AD, Pisces age 1 AD to 2000 AD, the Aquarian age 2000 AD – 4000 AD and so on.
Astrological ages occur because of a phenomenon known as the precession of the equinoxes. One complete period of this precession is called a Great Year or Platonic Year of about 25,920 years ( Decaln Swift’s sentence). The most popular method amongst researchers in this field is to divided the Great Year into twelve astrological ages of approximately equal lengths of approximately 2160 years per age based on the vernal equinox moving through the sidereal zodiac (alternatively many astrologers prefer to significantly vary the duration of each Astrological Age based on the passage of the vernal equinox measured against the actual zodiacal constellations). Each of those twelve sections of the Great Year can be called either an Astrological Age, Precessional Age or a Great Month, the latter term more common in older texts.
Many astrologers consider the entrance into a new astrological age is not a single moment of time but a process commonly referred to as `the cusp’ by which one age initiates its influences, in a slowly increasing way, before the end of the previous age. However there is no consensus on this point and there is no evidence of cusps in other branches of astrology except in the domain of urban myth. Basically those that follow the cusp approach believe that there is a merging of influence between each adjoining ages. Many astrologers believe that the world is currently on the cusp of the Pisces and Aquarian ages explaining why so many developments in the world today can be aligned to Pisces (i.e. continuing strong religious influences especially from Christianity) and Aquarius (traditional archetypes associated with Aquarius include electricity, computers, and democracy). A few astrologers consider the last ca. 10 degrees of a given age (ca. 720 years) as the time period during which the new age starts to make visible its influences, also called “Orb of influence”.
Some astrologers believe the changes upon Earth are caused and marked by the influences of the given astrological sign, associated with the Age, while other astrologers do not follow the causative model and believe it is a matter of synchronicity. A few astrologers also believe that each Age’s influences is also complemented by the opposite sign to the sign ruling the Astrological Age. For example, the Age of Pisces (the Fish), vernal equinox, is complemented by its opposite astrological sign of Virgo (the Virgin); for this reason a few researchers refer to the Piscean age the the “Age of Pisces-Virgo.”
The 19th/20th-century Indian yogi Swami Sri Yukteswar Giri, guru of Paramahansa Yogananda, related the Hindu Yugas to precession of the equinoxes. If this is the case then the western approach to the Astrological Ages does not monopolise precession of the equinoxes for astrological purposes.
The Earth, in addition to its diurnal (daily) rotation upon its axis, and annular rotation around the Sun, incurs a precessional motion involving a slow periodic shift of the axis itself: approximately one degree every 72 years. This motion, which is caused mostly by the Moon‘s gravity, gives rise to the precession of the equinoxes in which the Sun‘s position on the ecliptic at the time of the vernal equinox, measured against the background of fixed stars, gradually changes with time.
In graphical terms, the Earth behaves like a spinning top, and tops tend to wobble as they spin. The spin of the Earth is its daily (diurnal) rotation. The spinning Earth slowly wobbles over a period slightly less than 26,000 years. From our perspective on Earth, the stars are ever so slightly `moving’ from West to East at the rate of one degree approximately every 72 years. One degree is about twice the diameter of the Sun or Moon as viewed from Earth. The easiest way to notice this slow movement of the stars is at any fixed time each year. The most common fixed time is at the vernal equinox around 21 March each year.
In astrology, an astrological age has usually been defined by the constellation or superimposed sidereal zodiac in which the Sun actually appears at the vernal equinox. This is the method that Hipparchus appears to have applied around 127 BCE when he calculated precession. Since each sign of the zodiac is composed of 30 degrees, each astrological age might be thought to last about 72 (years) × 30 (degrees) = about 2160 years. This means the Sun crosses the equator at the vernal equinox moving backwards against the fixed stars from one year to the next at the rate of one degree in seventy-two years, one constellation (on average) in about 2160 years, and the whole twelve signs in about 25,920 years, sometimes called a Platonic Year. However the length of the ages are decreasing with time as the rate of precession is increasing. Therefore no two ages are of equal length.
One approach by many current-day astrologers is to base their timeframes for the Ages based solely in the astronomical division of the irregular constellations. Based on this approach the Austrian astronomer Professor Hermann Haupt examined the question of when the Age of Aquarius begins in an article published in 1992 by the Austrian Academy of Science: with the German title Der Beginn des Wassermannzeitalters, eine astronomische Frage? (The Start of the Aquarian Age, an Astronomical Question?, (see below The Age of Aquarius). While this approach is very popular in the wider astrological community, amongst astrologers that actually research the Ages, and publish papers on their research, generally adopt the sidereal zodiac method whereby each age consists of 30 degrees each, and are not affected by the irregular zodiacal constellations.
Approximately every 26,000 the zodiacal constellations, the associated sidereal zodiac and the tropical zodiac used by western astrologers basically align. Technically this is when the tropical and sidereal “first point in Aries” (Aries 0°) coincided. This alignment is often called the fiducial point, and if the fiducial point could be found, fairly exact timeframes of all the Astrological Ages could be accurately determined (if the method used to determine the Astrological Ages is based on the equal-sized 30 degrees per age and do not correspond to the exact constellations configuration in the sky). However this fiducial point is difficult to determine because while there is no ambiguity about the tropical zodiac used by western astrologers, the same cannot be said of the sidereal zodiac used by Vedic astrologers. Vedic astrologers do not have unanimity on the exact location in space of their sidereal zodiac. This is due to the fact that the sidereal zodiac is superimposed upon the irregular zodiacal constellations, and there are no unambiguous boundaries of the zodiacal constellations. Modern day astronomers have defined boundaries, but this is a recent development by astronomers who are divorced from astrology, and cannot be assumed to be correct from the astrological perspective. While most astronomers and some astrologers agree that the fiducial point occurred in or around the 3rd to 5th centuries AD, there is no consensus on any exact date or tight timeframe within these three centuries. A number of dates are proposed by various astronomers and even wider timeframes by astrologers.
For example, in Max Heindel‘s astrology writings, it is described that last time the starting-point of the sidereal zodiac agreed with the tropical zodiac occurred in 498. A year after these points were in exact agreement, the Sun crossed the equator about fifty seconds of space into the constellation Pisces. The year following it was one minute and forty seconds into Pisces, and so it has been creeping backwards ever since, until at the present time the Sun crosses the equator in about nine degrees in the constellation Pisces. Based on this approach, it will thus be about 600 years before it actually crosses the celestial equator in the constellation Aquarius. However this is only one of many approaches and so this must remain speculation at this point of time.
In the two accounts that survive from ancient Greece and Rome, this degradation of the human condition over time is indicated symbolically with metals of successively decreasing value
Ovid emphasizes the justice and peace that defined the Golden Age. He adds that in this age, men did not yet know the art of navigation and therefore did not explore the larger world.
In the Silver Age, Zeus introduces the seasons and men consequentially learn the art of agriculture and architecture.
In the Bronze Age, Ovid writes, men were prone to warfare, but not impiety.
Finally, in the Iron Age, men demarcate nations with boundaries; they learn the arts of navigation and mining; they are warlike, greedy and impious. Truth, modesty and loyalty are nowhere to be found.
All the world’s a stage,
And all the men and women merely players,
They have their exits and entrances,
And one man in his time plays many parts,
His acts being seven ages. At first the infant,
Mewling and puking in the nurse’s arms.
Then, the whining schoolboy with his satchel
And shining morning face, creeping like snail
Unwillingly to school. And then the lover,
Sighing like furnace, with a woeful ballad
Made to his mistress’ eyebrow. Then a soldier,
Full of strange oaths, and bearded like the pard,
Jealous in honour, sudden, and quick in quarrel,
Seeking the bubble reputation
Even in the cannon’s mouth. And then the justice
In fair round belly, with good capon lin’d,
With eyes severe, and beard of formal cut,
Full of wise saws, and modern instances,
And so he plays his part. The sixth age shifts
Into the lean and slipper’d pantaloon,
With spectacles on nose, and pouch on side,
His youthful hose well sav’d, a world too wide,
For his shrunk shank, and his big manly voice,
Turning again towards childish treble, pipes
And whistles in his sound. Last scene of all,
That ends this strange eventful history,
Is second childishness and mere oblivion,
Sans teeth, sans eyes, sans taste, sans everything.
Work in progress…
c. 3 B.C. Jesus was born.
70 A.D.: Jews exiled from Isreal and scattered across Europe
After their revolt against the Romans. Refers to 2000 years of shame.
This is the house that I built—in Maya.
It the file is so big now that image plane won’t render. I guess I’ll continue working on it when I get a bigger and better computer. If there ever will be such a thing.