Felt-tip Faerie

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A Long Time Coming…

Bill Cosby is no longer a hero. I think many still appreciate all the good he has done, but the Rape of Persephone has done it’s deed against a dark god of the underworld. Being a Hades male ( a man who prefers women much young enough to be daughter) is rougher than usual these days. What’s more, being a Black man with a yen for White women sparks the flame of White Sexual Paranoia.

scientific_racism_irish-1899In the Romantic Era, it was observed that the Sub-Saharan African man was the last race to have yet to procreate his genes beyond his native lands, so great systematic efforts were made to suppress the threat. In America, it was called Jim Crow. The objective was to dissuade Black men from marrying White women, To do so, he must be made less attractive to her by keeping him poor and disenfranchised. These were vigorously enforced tenet, while limiting the Black community’s education ( in certain subjects), less so. Per usual, industries will take mathematicians wherever they can get them! All kidding aside, systematic racism did little else but cover up the “problem” for the two factions were still craving each other from their respected sides.

breckGirlBlack fetish white women for their hair. Skin is secondary, for although there is Colorism in favor of light skinned women in the Black community, long, loose, non-textured hair reigns supreme. The strife this causes among Black has little weight compared to the other side of the spectrum. For although a Black woman may find herself abandoned with her children, she’s not going to gather a posse and lynch him! For the longest time, there has been a dichotomy of phobia and fetishism regarding Black men, especially the rumors of penis size. Therefore, when the two fetishes were more or less free to fulfill there desires the result for many cases was awkward and unlawful.

Sex is in part an act of conquest
and when finally given a chance, there were Black men who conquered all they could! They took on every adventurous non-Black female availble, often marrying them. Why not? Marrying outside of one’s race, especially a White person is upward mobility. Mister no longer has to beat Celie for not being Shug. Now, he can bypass the honey colored Shug and marry the French girls on the post cards he hoards in cookie tins. However, on the White woman’s side, being at the top (or the Center), the only way to go is down. Is her curiosity worth losing her place at the center? Being dragged to margins must’ve ran through the minds of many a White woman after climaxing with her dark partner. The surge of emotion caused by the realization of lost power made many scream rape.


Cosby’s use of quaaludes to loosen the nerves of his partners should never of have been used. It’s equivalent of taking advantage of a woman who is drunk and there are rules against that. Yes, it’s physically frustrating to be blue-balled by a partner who reneged on her consent, but rules are rules. Passions must be controlled! Furthermore, as a Black man, there will be very little sympathy for mistakes…..especially repeated mistakes. Tip: keep a tab of black licorice next to the condom in your wallet!
Cosby justifiably campaigned against the errant behavior of Black men who perpetuate pickaninnynegrobeastnegative stereotypes. However, Uncle Ruckus performed the worst one of all. He became the monsterous Black man in pursuit of White women in D.W. Lawrences Birth of Nation. How could he do such a thing knowing how important he was to Black community and kids of every race every where? You’re not allowed to have serious flaws as a public figure, but being in such a position of one of power and power corrupts. Did the powerful Bill Cosby feel that the women he sodomized were to powerless to be heard? A fatal mistake: never underestimate the urge for a White man to protect his fair damsels—especially blondes.

Karma bit Bill Cosby in the ass. The #metoo movement is toppling many former heroes off their pedestals. John K., my beloved Charlie Rose and who know who else will suffer, for although #metoo is a good cause, there is a caustic side of it with certain women among its numbers who are clearly out for blood and are enjoying their catharsis no matter how much the fallen has contributed to society.

hadesPersephoneHowever, our current president is immune to this witch hunt. Harkening back to mythology, Hades only committed one crime to Zeus and Poseidon’s many, many affronts. Zeus makes alliences and lives in atmospheric real estate that is the envy of mortal. Poseidon realm of the sea if a source of food and travel. However, because Hades is the god rarely seen and represents the Suscious which is unkonwn to mankind. Hade, the god whose world is so dark and feared that no woman would come down to live with him, thus the need to steal a bride, that he can not ever be forgiven in the imagination of surface dwellers. Black men seen to be ruled by Mars, but when they’re rich, they’re ruled by Hades.

mappleThorpe_NEARobert Mapplethorpe narrated this dichotomy in a controversial exhibit in 1990 which nearly brought down the National Endowment for the Arts. As a conceptual artist he had done his job for it slugged the Christian Right and the South at such a visceral level they called the exhibit pornography. However, those who know how to recognize the allegory of conceptual art recognized its power and either heralded it with with public funds ( for it told a very public and historical social construct story) or feared the change it would bring and called for the NEA’s demise.

Mapplethorpe_Derrick_Cross_zpsc1999365.jpg~originalThe exhibit was a series of photographs depicting very dark, muscular and statuesque Black men in sexual acts with White men ( including Mapplethorpe himself) and voyueristic nudes. The perfect allegory explaining the Blackamoor in Peterouchka and Shakespeare’s Othello. The Forbidden Fruit is no longer forbidden and hasn’t been since 1968. Rejoice it seems to say, jump in! And to flabby, pie bald White husbands in homogenous communities this narrative was a visceral threat, for under the surface, wives are bought and their continued sexual favors in marriage are either duty or enticed by baubles and credit cards. Whereas the Black man, as poor as he is never seems to have dry spells. Dark is masculine and white is feminine in the Western psyche and Jessie Helms and Pat Buchannan didn’t like their wives craving dark meat.

The NEA was forever impaired after Jessie Helms’s crusade. Funding is no longer granted to individuals, leaving artists to incorporate as a brand to finance their projects. We have to be leaders when we don’t want to be. Or worse search for individual endowments, thus exposing themselves to scams and giving their valuable information to marketing firms.

mappleThorpeThe positive thing to come out of Mapplethrope exhibit is that Black man were not scary to the Center anymore. An unknown white actress stuck her neck out and opening admired Michael Jordan in Space Jam buy saying, “He’s so good looking”. That’s quite a reversal from Sixteen Candles principle characters exclaiming “A BLACK GUY-Y” “No, a pink one!” eleven years before. White women and Black men are free to beeline toward each other, producing lovely children and an ever loving society. Thanks in part to Mappelthorpe and not soon enough for Bill Cosby, there is no reason for socially conscious White woman to fear losing power for sleeping with or marry a Black man and Black men are free to procreate their genes.



Hello, Job Seekers.
There is an HR scam going around. Two representatives from Getronics, who claimed to have found me though your service, contacted and offered me employment which turned out to be a phishing scam. They sent me a counterfeit check to pay for office set up expenses ( I was unaware of this) and now my bank account is closed due to fraud. Getronics may still be a legitimate company, but the following representatives are not:
Mary Cook: mcook1159@gmail.com

Mark Hancock: markhancock@camelothome.org

BE WARNED! Although, I followed up to verify the legitimacy of the company, I neglected to verify the domains of the email addresses. Search everything. Although, we all know that is easier said than done.



Ashanti Miller

Me Too Hits Home: a solution…

blackLicorice_02Black licorice. An anaphrodisiac that rock stars, who want to stay faithful to their wives, consume when they are on tour. These are also good for when a dude is between relationships. It shows the pituitary gland who’s boss! Save yourself from making a stupid mistake that will ruin your life and break the hearts of those who love you! If your system is prone to be compulsive, hinder the damn semen count with marjoram, black licorice and variety of other treats. Take a break, work on your manners between relationships. Most of all, give your psyche time to heal so you don’t pass on so much of the baggage from your previous relationship into the next!

There is this much spoken of observation of men that they have no problem moving on to the next person right after a break up. There’s next to no period of mourning. It’s just on to the next female–wherever she may be. Women can do the same, but few few do. Not everyone can be Coco Chanel and think the best way to get over an old love is new love, to use the sanitize version of the quote. For the rest of us, relationships are a huge emotional investment that takes time to heal when the it fails.

The person, who I still love and appreciate, had a bad break up with the most beautiful woman in his industry and did not wait to cultivate another one with a woman of his own age. Older women aren’t naive, therefore the great mentor of the television animation renaissance used his power to lure a new love. This time, someone young and naive enough to train to his tastes. He did so–TWICE.

Where were his friends? I’m finger-pointing here, but FRIENDS DON’T LET FRIENDS MAKE THIS MISTAKE. I worked with the person in question when he was in the inappropriate relationship with his ingenue. I thought nothing of because I had no idea she was underages. She’s look about 23 to my 27. I was clueless. Even if I were, I was not old enough to tell the now “predatory mentor” how to run his life. I would’ve been powerless.

Being older is so liberating. You been through so much shit, you don’t mind losing friends and jobs for warning people. John Kricfalusi was IMPORTANT to so many of us. How DARE he throw all of that love away by predating on underage girls. Draw the girls, don’t touch them! Now he will have to leave the industry forever and possibly face incarceration. What a waste!
This is how good of a director John was:
blackLicorice_03He was a visual and kinesthetic communicator–which rare in both teachers and managers. We would spend random afternoons drawing gags for storyboards. Most other television director give you a 40 minute lecture and send you back to you desk—and then have the nerve to yell at you for not interpreting the script properly or laying out the scene the wrong way. Oh, and if they don’t yell, they blacklist you through their gossip. Yes, these are geeks who have the nerve to gossip like a bevy of tabloid it girls. Beware of directors. They aren’t gods nor are they as virtuous as their positions suggest. Billy Wilder slammed Marylin Monroe who publicly told him to “Eat shit”. The directors of Futurma and Dilbert raked me across the coals to their peers, ruining me forever…except in the eyes of John K.
We clicked like a snap and grommit. Sure, I got yelled at, but I knew how to fix my mistakes, because he would draw what he wanted changed. I’ve been told that a director doesn’t want to end up doing all the drawing himself. Well, he sure as shite better supply thumbnails. Only 20% of the world’s people are auditory learners and animation is a visual field. Bust out the prismacolors and draw! Or do I suspect that a director’s crew can draw rings around director? Yeah, that unwillingness to draw thumbnails is also harbored in intimidation by one’s minions. That shouldn’t matter when a crew are all friends. Spumco was a studio of friends.

John, I still appreciate you and love you, but what you did was wrong. There is “age of consent” (which varies greatly from state to state) and you should’ve been aware that families are quick to sell their daughters. People are as outraged over the parents naiveté (I suspect consent, since the families were poor), but so many people are so sheltered that they have no idea that daughters are only commodities, or to be quite blunt: for sale to the highest bider.

I hope amends are made to Robyn and Katie, and that John bounces back from this. Until then, may this be a lesson to all budding artists: Drawing is a dream but the industry isn’t. The workday is so long and strenuous that it’s difficult to develop and maintain personal  lives. You have one go to find your spouse in college and that’s it. This is true of all white collar and skilled labor jobs that require college degrees. It’s a real problem. A problem so intense that it drives desperate acts of adrenal stupidity.






Superficial* Book 1 is for Sale on Blurb and Amazon!

Ten years of work and filled with lots of essays and early drawings, Superficial* Book 1 is finally complete. This is a collectors edition created just in time for the holidays. An ideal gift for the undergraduate who is struggling with their first two years of liberal arts studies. Purchase your copy today!


The Color Purple’s Reception in the African American Community

Upon screening a review of Spielberg’s films. I learned that the Color Purple was not well received by the African-American community. I took that information with a grain of salt, because as we all know, when speaking of a group, our patriarchal society always asks the opinion of men. Ahem! The Color Purple is a story for WOMEN and the experiences women endure. I was pleased to find out that Black women found the film theraputic. As a teenage “Celie”, I sure as hell did. In fact the film helped me void many traps that I could’ve fallen into and never climbed out of. For example: leave men alone of you are not their ideal.


  • CHICAGO, Jan. 26— Some people say ”The Color Purple” is only a movie. But many black people disagree.”No, it is not just a movie,” said Nate Clay in an interview. ”It is a statement made out of context used as a pretext to take one more lick at society’s rejects.” Mr. Clay is editor of The Chicago Metro News, a weekly black-owned newspaper.In living rooms, in taverns, on radio talk shows, in newspaper columns and at community forums in many parts of the country, black men and black women are arguing about the movie’s depiction of black men and its possible repercussions.At the film’s premiere in Los Angeles Dec. 18, dozens of pickets marched outside the theater. On a chilly Tuesday night in Chicago recently, nearly a thousand blacks crammed into the Progessive Community Church for a heated discussion of the film. And Friday night more than 200 people in New York filled the fellowship hall at St. James Presbyterian Church in Harlem for a similar exchange.

    ”No media vehicle since ‘Roots’ has caused this kind of dialogue,” observed Chuck Sutton, host of a program on the subject last week on WLIB radio in New York. ‘One Woman’s Story’

    The movie, directed by Steven Spielberg and based on the Pulitzer Prize-winning novel by Alice Walker, tells the story of Celie, a black woman who was physically and sexually abused by men most of her life. For her portrayal of Celie the actress Whoopi Goldberg received a Golden Globe Award this weekend.

    Many black women defend the film, saying that it accurately reflects their own experience or the experience of women they know. Many black men, and some black women, contend that it gives a misleading picture of blacks in America and distorts their history.

    Oprah Winfrey, host of a television talk show in Chicago who played Sophia, Celie’s stepdaughter-in-law, in the movie, said: ”This movie is not trying to represent the history of black people in this country any more than ‘The Godfather’ was trying to represent the history of Italian-Americans. In this case, it’s one woman’s story.”

    Many women say it is also their story. Eartis Thomas, a telephone company employee in Chicago, said she knew many Celies when she was growing up in Sunflower County, Mississippi. She, her mother and her aunts were all beaten and otherwise brutalized by their husbands, Miss Thomas said. The movie, she said, ”just lifted a burden.”

    Miss Thomas added: ”Black women should not be sacrificed for black men’s pride. Let the film roll.” Arguments Heard Before

    Some of the arguments being heard now are similar to those heard in 1977 about Ntozake Shange’s play, ”For Colored Girls Who Have Considered Suicide/When the Rainbow Is Enuf,” and in 1979 about Michele Wallace’s book, ”Black Macho & the Myth of the Superwoman.”

    These works confront the often uneasy relationship between black men and black women. Eldridge Cleaver, in his book ”Soul on Ice,” described it as a war. Miss Wallace described it as ”a profound distrust, if not hatred.”

    ”It’s a very touchy subject between folks, always has been,” said Haywood E. McDuffie, a Cleveland lawyer who said he recently argued about the movie with several women friends.

    ”The most frightening thing for me as a male was to look into their eyes,” Mr. McDuffie said. ”I wondered, ‘Is that really what they think of us?’ It’s as if there were an element of cruelty implicit in black men that all black women seem to identify.” ‘Never Showed the Good’

    Willis Edward, president of the Beverly Hills chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, argued in an interview that the movie ”never showed the good” about black men.

    But Clarence Page, a columnist for The Chicago Tribune, asserted, ”This movie is no more destructive of black men than ‘The Burning Bed’ was destructive of white men.” He referred to a television drama about abuse by spouses.

    Others argue that the movie distorts black history and appears to blame the victims of racism for a host of social problems, including a preponderance of broken families and a high incidence of teen-age pregnancy.

    Lerone Bennett, a historian who is senior editor of Ebony magazine, said, speaking of Mr. Spielberg: ”He doesn’t show us the strong black women who nursed the sick and cared for the orphans and organized clubs and, in general, exercised a leadership role denied white women by white society. What Steven Spielberg doesn’t show us, in short, is the color black.” Actor Defends Film

    Vernon Jarrett, a columnist for The Chicago Sun-Times, contended: ”Mr. Reagan, and his Attorney General, Mr. Meese, have decided that they are going to turn back the clock on us. The purpose of movies like this is to make it acceptable to you.”

    One movie cannot do that, insisted Danny Glover, the actor who played the role of Mister. Mr. Glover, who is appearing in a Chicago production of ”A Lesson from Aloes,” a play by Athol Fugard, said more people probably see ”The Cosby Show” on television each week than will see the film and can just as easily formulate their opinions of blacks on that basis.

    Black men are perhaps no different from other men in their attitudes toward women, he said. But he added, ”Lots of times we sweep our own problems under the rug under the justification of upholding black history and the black man.”

    Lee K. Richardson, the artistic director of the Crossroads Theater Company, in New Brunswick, N.J., said: ”It’s not the artist’s responsibility to right the wrongs. There is not just one side to our black experience.”

    As the debate continued, the movie had grossed nearly $29 million through Jan. 19, drawing audiences that are 72 percent white, and the book, according to a spokesman for the publisher Simon & Shuster, has become ”the fastest-selling paperback in a long time.”

    photo of Whoopi Goldberg


    Yeah, Black women don’t trust Black men. I am not angry,  just wary. It also helps that I’ve never been attracted to Black man to begin with (I prefer men of the Mediterranean).  It is a male tendency to conquer the unknown, whatever is different and when living in someone else’s society as Blacks do, one becomes conditioned by the dominant cultures standards of beauty. Black women are the polar opposite of blond hair and blue eyes, heck long straight hair ( naturally), so Black man go for it. That’s fine. Spread those genes just as every other race has. Black women will move on and we have. Once more of us abandon the princess cancer strain, we won’t breed before we’re educated anymore and hopefully, lift our communities of poverty as a result
    Don’t be victimized Celie, ladies. Be triumphant Celie. You may not be Shug or be a Scandinavian blonde, but you’re talented and have a history to draw upon for strength. Be the Celie who inherits the property her body and tears paid for and run your own businesses. Leave men who don’t want you and don’t feel the need to work for you alone. Don’t fall for the duplicitous words of heat seeking bachelors. The Matriarchal African American community will rise to power, changing our negative fiscal situation one woman at a time, one family at a time to be admirable communities…in time.

Thank you, Hillary.


…and I am so sorry…

Despite a tremendous effort, you were defeated. By the smallest of margins and by the technicality of the electoral collage. You missed Wisconsin in your campaign and it cost you dearly. What an upset.  A bigoted demagogue has won the White House and largely because the emerging industries had not reached the regions of White working class voters yet and everyone blamed the establishment. Well, I blame them!

Some say you weren’t likable. I like you. Even love you. If anyone is unlikable it’s the White working class that has hatred bubbling right under the surface of their smiling faces. Not all businesses are established by White males. If I were Asian ( which many tech company owners are), I would be afraid to establish a tech firm in Idaho, so where my core employees would suffer under a limited quality of life due to a hostile environment. You did it to yourselves rural America. The “Strange Fruit” you cultivated in the South and Easy Rider lawless in the same region has told every non-Occidental person that it’s not safe to near you.

Hillary the Warmonger, the Millennials call you. Part of your defeat was taking an opportunity you saw in the Arab Spring: capturing Quadaffi

Muamar Quadaffi, who no one seems to remember was our baddie of the 80’s. He may have been dormant, but no were near pacified. He had a yen for for American weapons and dispatched terror cells to acquire them. He was such a threat he ended up in pop culture.  Watch Back to the Future. It was one of Quadaffi’s operatives who shot Doc Brown and was the catalyst of the story.

TO add to this: by controlling Afghanistan and omitting Quadaffi, we weaken Al Queada/ISIS. They now have no established power to tell the how to establish and hold a caliphate and no established power to secure weapons for them. These were important steps to weaken them to a glorified, international street gang and we’re still whittlin them down. However, if we let Putin do whatever he wants (claim bits of Europe that he wants) we’re going to have a superpower to deal with on our hands.

This corrupt  because big risk politics is complicated) war monger was needed for the good of world security.Thank you third party voters 😡  We took out Destro Cobrala and Zartan, just so Russia can move in an take over the region. If they’re successful, they set their sights on Europe which had been Russia’s ambition since Catherine the Great.  War is not desirable for anyone, but sometimes you have to do a little evil to do a lot of good.

I love just about anything Russian. Mikka is Russian. However, I do not like their imperial ambitions.  Putin claims that he does not want the former Soviet empire back, however he has an unhealthy admiration of previous Russian leaders, Peter and Catherine the Great. Catherine the Great vowed that India would be annexed, China humbled and all of Europe will be governed under the scepter of Russia. She tried her best to claim Istanbul from the Turks. To Sultan’s relief, she died before she could fulfill this effort. However, in the modern era it is very possible that Putin will pick up where she left off.

NPR reported a few years ago, that scores of men in Russia fell into despair after the collapse of the Soviet Union. Understandable. Yet, it creates a problem from one of the tenets of government: order. What do you with Bezerker personality types? Their energy has to be channeled somewhere or they’ll destroy themselves and others like a live grenade. With so many people in the vast expanse that is Russia, Putin and his populace live in the very real danger a standing army that’s about to bring it’s simmering frustration to a boil.

I fear that energy may be unleashed on the Middle East. A region, as a whole. that has not fully recovered from WWI. That is suffering from the lack of the pooled resources of the Ottoman Empire and is in real danger of living under yet another foreign power. This was not the plan of the West. We may want their oil, but we definitely want the Arab states to rule themselves. All we want is their governments to be stable so trade will flow without interruption. Now that Hillary has lost the election, that may never happen.

A have friends who feared that Hillary would bring on WWIII. Perhaps. We all know it was going to to happen. However, with Trump giving a looser reign to Putin, instead of the entire West striving to protect the Middle East, the West , with the U.S protecting it as an ally, will have have to save itself from Russia, should the mood strike Putin’s fancy.

This is politics. The great quagmire of desires and solutions striving to find order under an elected or unwanted power. It takes a great deal of experience to wield this power well, and the West and Muslim states of the Mediterranean and West Asia has just lost its chance to contain the chaos with someone who someone who was busy at work whittling the problem away, one warlord at a time.

Stay in touch, Hillary Rodham Clinton

Draco the Dragon

I have always liked the storyline of Tiamat (The Dragon). Thus, I appropriated it as an element for Pirsia in Superficial’s story line. It isn’t an exact copy, of course, but it got the gears in my then 15 year old head, to consider dragon’s signifying time and space.
So, in the name of research, here’s a great clip from a website Starry Skies on Draco the Constellation.
This page is copyright of Starry Skies writers. I in no way claim the information as my own. I am only copying and pasting the info here, so that it will always be available. Sites die and take their wonderful information with them. I don’t want Starry Skies’ info nearly lost like that of the great pedagogy website Making Sense of Maths.

Draco is a circumpolar constellation visible all night from northern latitudes. The constellation winds around the little dipper. Its’ stars are not very bright, containing only three stars above magnitude 3.0. At one time Draco was quite a bit larger when the ancient Mesopotamians gave the dragon large wings which wound around Ursa Major. The Greek philosopher Thales lopped off the wings in the sixth century BC.

Thuban and the Great Pyramid of Khufu

The Pharaoh Khufu ruled ancient Egypt around 2550 BC and was buried in the largest of the Giza pyramids when he died. During his time, Thuban was the pole star, (because of Earth’s precession) around which all other stars revolved. Khufu’s burial chamber was fashioned deep inside the Great Pyramid. Two skinny shafts bore outward from the chamber.


For decades, scholars thought they were airshafts. But in the 1960s, astronomers found that they have an astronomical purpose. It was found that one of the shafts pointed directly towards Thuban. The other was aimed at the belt of Orion, which symbolized Osirus.

The stars close to the pole never set. The Egyptians described these stars as “imperishable” or “undying.” Khufu expected that when he died, he would join not only with the Sun, but with Thuban as well, maintaining order in the celestial realm, just as he had on Earth.


During the time that Draco’s star Thuban was the pole star, it would have appeared to ancient sky watchers that the Earth revolved around Draco. Dragons and other similar creatures often played a role in creation myths. In these stories the gods would often battle such creatures for control of the Earth. When defeated, the dragons were flung up into the skies.

Roman myth calls this dragon Ladon and he guarded the golden apples on a tree in a garden tended by the Hesperides, the daughters of Atlas. Hercules was sent to obtain the apples while under pledge to Eurystheus. He learned from Nereus that he could not pluck the apples himself, but must get help from Atlas. Hercules shot and killed Ladon with an arrow, making way for Atlas to enter and pluck the golden apples. The goddess Hera was greatly distressed by the death of Ladon and placed the dragon in the heavens.

A Greek legend tells the story of Draco as a horrible dragon that guarded a sacred spring and slew the soldiers of Cadmus (first king of Thebes) who had been sent to gather water. Cadmus then fought the dragon and won,. After the dragon died, Athena appeared and told Cadmus to sow the ground with the creature’s teeth. The teeth immediately sprang up as a group of armed soldiers who helped Cadmus found Thebes.

A Babylonian creation story tells of Tiamat, who turned herself into a dragon but was later defeated and split into two parts. One part became the heavens and the other, the Earth.

A Chinese tale sees the stars as the dragon who eats the Sun or Moon (possible represented by the north star Polaris) in an eclipse. During a real eclipse, ancient Chinese would make as much noise as possible, banging on pots and pans to try and scare away the dragon which was eating the Sun or Moon.

A Norse creation myth tells of a dragon who gnaws at the roots of Ygdrasil, the tree that covers the world.

Because Thuban was the pole star 5000 years ago the ancient Egyptians keenly observed it. Some of Draco’s stars were part of their constellation of Hippopotamus and some were of the Crocodile. They appear on the planisphere of Denderah and the walls of the Ramesseum at Thebes. The hieroglyph for the Hippopotamus was used for the heavens in general while the constellation is supposed to have been a symbol of Isis Rathor, Athor, or Athyr, the Egyptian Venus. Draco’s stars were also said to represent the falcon headed god Horus.

Around 800 BC, the prehistoric Adena people who lived in the Ohio area of the United States created Serpent Mound which is believed to mirror the constellation Draco. This huge mound is nearly a quarter mile long.

The Persians have regarded Draco as a man-eating serpent called Azhdeha.

In early Hindu worship, Draco is given the form of an alligator known as Shi-shu-mara.


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Kathy Miles, Author, and Chuck Peters, Systems Administrator

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